Building materials in Canada are carefully chosen to withstand the country’s severe weather. The extreme cold of winter and the searing heat of summer can swiftly destroy materials. There is no exemption with exterior sidings; the material must withstand unfavorable weather conditions. This can make selecting cladding materials more difficult and often confusing.
Exterior sidings or cladding systems are a protective barrier, preventing outside elements from entering the building’s framework. The building sidings keep extreme cold, ice, and humidity out of the property.
The best exterior sidings are appropriate for the climate in which you live. There are several climates in Canada, and certain cladding materials will perform better than others. We’ll review the most popular exterior sidings alternative on the market today that accommodate almost every modern building facade design.
Vinyl Exterior Sidings
Most people are familiar with vinyl cladding since it is one of the most affordable alternatives. It is also one of the siding materials that can endure the elements and does not need to be maintained regularly. Washing it with a hose is generally sufficient to remove the grime.
The vinyl sidings are also available in a variety of colours and may look beautiful without being painted.
Vinyl’s durability and resistance to moisture damage make it a popular material in Canada. It will most likely retain its original colour and not offer suitable habitat for mold growth.
The installation technique determines all of the advantages of vinyl exterior sidings. The vinyl sidings can bend or warp if not installed properly. Its capacity to absorb impact might also deteriorate with time, making it less durable than other cladding systems.
Every house with brick exterior sidings has a classic appearance and increased durability. The material is also more visually appealing than other forms of exterior sidings.
Occasional washing with a garden hose is typically sufficient to keep the siding in good condition, and appropriate installation may extend both the siding’s and the property’s lifespan.
However, brick is more costly than most other siding options. Its ability to survive Canada’s harsh weather conditions makes it a desirable and superior siding material.
It should be noted that brick is just water-resistant and not waterproof. It does not, however, deteriorate when exposed to excessive water. It is incredibly durable and can be relied on throughout the seasons.
However, it can rust if exposed to saltwater for an extended period. As a result, applying it on houses along the shore is not recommended.
Aluminum Exterior Sidings
Aluminum siding has long been used and is frequently compared to vinyl siding. However, the biggest difference between aluminum and vinyl exterior sidings is easy dentation. Aluminum offers a more appealing appearance, but unlike vinyl, it may dent from physical force.
As a result, most contractors choose to put it exclusively on the two store buildings.
Aluminum siding styles are also more resistant to weather factors, making them ideal for Canadian conditions. The materials are less susceptible to moisture difficulties and can endure longer even when constantly exposed to dampness.
They are also excellent at holding energy and can help to cut energy use in any home, particularly during the winter. The siding types are also available in various colours and can retain their original tint for an extended period. Repainting is another alternative for individuals who wish to personalize.
Aluminum Composite Panel or ACM Cladding
What are Aluminum Composite Panels? ACM panels are one of the modern cladding materials that are widely used in the current construction industry.
ACM panels are three-layered materials having a polyethylene (PE) core bonded to two pre-finished aluminum sheets. Aluminum Composite Materials (ACM) are an excellent alternative for interior and exterior applications requiring beauty, ease of maintenance, stability, low weight, and simple construction procedures.
To create ACP, two thin aluminum sheets are continually bonded to a thermoplastic or mineral-filled, fire-resistant thermoplastic core. Before bonding, the aluminum surfaces were pre-finished and coil-coated in a range of paint finishes.
Utilizing aluminum composite panels has several benefits and functions. These benefits include structural flexibility while combining incredibly light and strong materials, guaranteeing various high-performance finishes.
ACM exterior sidings are ideal for both residential and commercial structures. Furthermore, you need to choose the best way to clean ACM panels as part of their maintenance.
If you want to learn more about ACM panels, make sure to read more and learn everything about aluminum composite panels.
One of the benefits of wood as an exterior siding material is its inherent elegance. The traditional look never goes old on any property, no matter how long it is in place. The wood used for building facades comes in a variety of styles and colours.
Some could be vertical, while others might be horizontal. Wood shakes, which are put horizontally in an overlapping pattern, and clapboard, which may be set in variable lengths, are two examples.
Although they have an unrivalled visual appeal, external wood siding varieties have a drawback: wholesalers do not treat them; thus, consumers must do so.
That means you must seal them before installing them to avoid early damage. They become vulnerable to pest infestation and rotting if not properly finished. On the other hand, primed redwood and cedar may survive for a long time.
Wood Fiber Exterior Sidings
To make wood fiber siding, composite wood is frequently blended with fibres and glue, among other ingredients. The texture is similar to that of genuine wood.
These exterior sidings are also less expensive than real wood and easy to install. Furthermore, its capacity to endure the elements outside makes it a great asset to any Canadian house. Painting may also be used to provide a personal touch.
All of the advantages of wood fiber exterior sidings are appealing, but neglecting to seal the ends properly might harm them.
Excess moisture might collect on the joints and cause the material to expand. As a result, the material is unsuitable for high-precipitation environments. They can survive the winter, although maintenance operations before and after the season are required.
When they are damaged, the repair is too costly. Prevention is the best choice.
Spider Point Glass and Glazing Systems
Spider glazing and glass walls, also referred to as spider glass fitting or spider glass facet, is a novel way of constructing bolted glass and integrating it into an all-glass structure.
A spider glazing system connects huge glass panels by point-fixings with steel fittings.
They are attached to the panels of a façade with only a small amount of hardware fitting required; the most frequent material used for fitting is stainless steel.
Although these systems are mostly used for commercial buildings, some modern home designs can feature spider-point glass cladding in some portions.
Fiber Cement Sidings
All of the advantages of wood fiber exterior sidings are appealing, but neglecting to seal the ends properly might harm them. Excess moisture might collect on the joints and cause the material to expand. As a result, the material is unsuitable for high-precipitation environments.
They can survive the winter, although maintenance operations before and after the season are required. When they are damaged, the repair is too costly. Prevention is the best choice.
It is made of cement, which makes it more robust, fire-resistant, and warp resistant. Its capacity to distribute and reflect heat and its resistance to twist and rot adds to its advantages. It can keep the house cool in the summer and warm in the winter.
Cement fiber can also tolerate temperature fluctuations and retain its aesthetic attractiveness for longer. Furthermore, paint does not flake or fade fast when applied to the siding.
Corrugated Metal Exterior Sidings
Corrugated metal siding is a patterned metal with wavy grooves (or corrugation). Corrugated siding is manufactured in the shape of big metal sheets or panels and is available in various thicknesses, each with varying degrees of strength.
The method of corrugating metal began in the early 1800s and is still utilized today due to its appealing benefits.
Curtain Wall Systems
Besides its dead load weight, the curtain wall façade bears no structural stress from the structure. The wall transfers lateral wind loads occurring on it to the main building structure via connections at the building’s floors or columns.
Curtain wall systems are built to prevent air and water infiltration, absorb sway caused by wind and seismic pressures, sustain wind loads, and maintain dead load weight forces.
A curtain wall can be made of various glass types, aluminum panels, and/or other external cladding materials, giving architects a great deal of architectural freedom.
Stucco claddings are the last exterior siding option on our list. These claddings are durable, resistant to fire, long-lasting systems. There are three types of stucco claddings that can be used for residential facilities which are:
- Blend of cement, sand, fibres, chemicals and water
- Traditional stucco mix, used for concrete, brick and block cladding
- A mixture of cement, sand, fibreglass, acrylic additives and water
Although stucco sidings are beneficial systems, due to their labour-intensive installation process, complex cleaning process, and expensive price, it is not widely used for residential facilities like ACM panels, vinyl or even wood sidings.
Homes without the proper siding are inadequately insulated. Poor insulation wastes energy, which might explain the unexpected increase in energy expenses. Cracking is a frequent symptom that your home has inadequate siding. Cracks and breaks indicate the siding’s incapacity to endure thawing and freezing cycles.